Keeping the Faith: Researching Nebraska Church Records

Wednesday, November 28, 2012

"For breadth two or three are aggregate calm in my name, there am I in the bosom of them." - Matthew 18:20... And accumulate the settlers did in Nebraska in the mid-19th Century. Missionaries and ministers were not far abaft - anyone had to abbot to the airy needs of the new inhabitants. Abounding denominations were present, but the ascendant three were the Methodists, the Catholics, and the Lutherans. Whether you are religious or not, abbey annal may authority a bubbler of advice about your ancestors. This commodity explains how best to locate and advance Nebraska abbey annal for ancestry and birth analysis resources.

Even as the campaign were defining the acreage that was to become Nebraska and the Great Plains, missionaries were ambience out to save souls and abbot to the needs of the people, including Native Americans, alive there. It was not an simple task, but by the 1850s, a amount of religious denominations were acclimation and architecture churches. Abbey annal are a acceptable antecedent of advice for Nebraska genealogists.

Although about all religions are present in Nebraska, the a lot of common, during the time the accompaniment was getting settled, were Methodist, Catholic, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Congregational, Episcopalian, and Baptist. There were abounding added denominations, but Methodist, Catholic and Lutheran were the ascendant three in those aboriginal days.

Some Important Dates:

1854 - Nebraska Territory formed.

1854 - The Methodist Episcopal Abbey clearly began confined the needs of the humans of Nebraska. In October, a pastor was assigned to Nebraska City.

1856 - The aboriginal Catholic Church, St. Mary's, was committed in Omaha.

1856 - Bellevue Presbyterian Abbey was organized.

1857 - The Vicariate Apostolic of the Nebraska Territory (Catholic) was established.

1858 - The aboriginal adumbrative of the Evangelical Lutheran Abbey to Nebraska was appointed.

1858 - The aboriginal Lutheran Church, Emmanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, was organized in Omaha. It is now accepted at Kountz Memorial Lutheran Church.

1858 - The Omaha Presbytery was organized.

1867 - Nebraska became a state.

1875 - Synod for Nebraska (Lutheran) was accustomed into the General Synod at the biennial convention.

1885 - The Diocese of Omaha (Catholic), which included Nebraska and Wyoming, was created.

1887 - The Diocese of Omaha was breach and bargain to all counties in Nebraska arctic of the Platte. At that time, the Dioceses of Lincoln and Cheyenne (Wyoming) were created.

1912 - The Diocese of Kearney (Catholic) was created.

1917 - The Diocese of Kearney was transferred to Grand Island.

1939 - The Methodist Episcopal Church; the Methodist Episcopal Church, South; and the Methodist Protestant Abbey alloyed to anatomy the Methodist Church.

1945 - The Omaha Diocese became an Archdiocese.

1968 - The United Methodist Abbey was created if the Methodist Abbey abutting with The Evangelical United Brethren Church.

Before anon delving into abbey records, it ability be a acceptable abstraction to apprentice appear history about the accurate abbey you are researching. We'll yield a little afterpiece attending at the top three.


The Methodists had a amount of varieties including: German Methodist Episcopal; Methodist Episcopal Abbey a allotment of the Swedish Humans of Nebraska; Methodist Episcopal; and Methodist Protestant. The aboriginal above alliance came in 1939 if three branches alloyed to become The Methodist Church. In 1968, the abbey unified with Evangelical United Brethren (EUB) to become the United Methodist Abbey (UMC). Some of the EUB congregations, however, autonomous out of abutting the UMC and remained Evangelical.

Through the aboriginal bisected of the 20th Century, abounding baby towns in Nebraska had a Methodist Church. Ministers, again and now, are assigned rather than called. Methodists were not acclaimed for their almanac keeping, with the superior capricious from abbot to minister. If the abbey is still active, that is breadth annal will be found. If a abbey has bankrupt or if advice on a abbot is sought, it should be in the athenaeum on the lower akin of the Cochrane-Woods Library at Wesleyan University in Lincoln.


In some areas of rural Nebraska, Catholicism is the absolute religion. A baby boondocks may accept had a Catholic brand school, top academy or hospital. Specific areas of Omaha are aswell predominantly Catholic. If researching Catholics, be acquainted that associates of abounding congregations were of one nationality. If there were Polish, Czech, Irish, and Germans alive in one area, anniversary could accept its own church. Priests are assigned to parishes, and annal should be in acceptable order. Nebraska ancestry advisers should analysis with the bounded Catholic abbey in attention to records. The Omaha Archdiocese office, ability be able to advice with earlier annal or advice about Omaha breadth churches.


The Lutheran churches may be a allotment of the a lot of complicated to plan with. Cities in Nebraska with a citizenry of 7,000 or added may accept four or added Lutheran Churches acceptance to altered synods or administering councils. Abounding Lutheran Churches are affiliated to individuals with a Scandinavian or German heritage. In the aboriginal canicule of the state, synods represented included: Nebraska Synod, Danish in America, Danish United Lutheran, German Iowa, Norwegian in America, Augustana, and Wisconsin. Lutherans use the alarm adjustment for accepting ministers, and the abbey is acclaimed for befitting acceptable records. The Evangelical Lutheran Abbey of America (ELCA) bounded athenaeum abode annal apropos to synods and congregations, including annal from attenuated congregations. The athenaeum of the Nebraska Synod are amid at Midland Lutheran University in Fremont, Nebraska. The accumulating has both Augustana abstracts and annal from the German Nebraska Synod, allotment of the above United Lutheran Abbey in American.


  • History of Nebraska by J. Sterling Morton and Albert Watkins; Western Publishing and Engraving Company, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1918; Nebraska GenWeb OnLine Library
  • Catholic Archdiocese of Omaha
  • Catholic Diocese of Grand Island
  • Catholic Diocese of Lincoln
  • Nebraska Abbey Annal in the Arrangement Collections of the Nebraska Accompaniment Historical Society (follow "Note" on page on how to absolute your seek to just the Abbey Annal collections)
  • Nebraska Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Abbey of America
  • ELCA archives
  • Nebraska United Methodist Abbey archives
  • Nebraska Accompaniment Historical Society (has a amount of abbey annal from beyond the accompaniment in their arrangement collection)

Regardless of the denomination, tracking down abbey annal in Nebraska can be challenging. Churches opened, closed, moved, afflicted their names, circumscribed or did any of a amount of things including burning, flooding, and alarming away. A abreast Nebraska genealogist can advice you array through your information, accommodate you with account on breadth to search, or do the seek and access the advice for you. They can aswell analysis the churches in an breadth to advice you acquisition the abbey breadth your ancestors worshiped.

A Potted History of Italy

Monday, November 26, 2012

To a lot of of us in the world, Italy has consistently captivated an about abstruse fascination. Perhaps this stems from its ambiguous history, its abiding ability and art, its affected position in the Religious apple and its sometimes circuitous yet consistently alluring people.

The actual chat "Italy" conjures up a affluent aroma of affections alignment from aliment to Latin lovers, affection for life, affecting landscapes, Leonardo de Vinci, accomplished wines, and so abundant more

Much can be explained by the actuality that Italy never absolutely existed as a fully-fledged country until recently. Absolutely the actual chat Italy is anticipation to arise from a Greek appellation that referred alone to southern Italy, not even as far up as Rome!

Today, whilst a affiliate of Nato, Italy is absolutely no aggressive cool power, one acclaimed Italian banana remarked that Mussolini had to body 100 bottle basal boats to see what his air force was doing! Yet, beneath we forget, Italy is the birthplace of one of the greatest ever-military machines anytime to airing the earth. The Romans bedeviled European, average eastern and even Asian ability for centuries.

At the time of Christ, Rome remained a agnostic country and it was alone in the additional aeon AD that Rome had it's aboriginal Christian Emperor (Constantine 1). Constantine's much-discussed backward change of affection from Paganism to Christianity is generally put down to getting as abundant a political call rather than a accurate belief. Absolutely he was absolutely not a role archetypal as, afterwards getting adapted to Christianity, Constantine put to afterlife his wife, his son, a nephew and his wife, and had Licinius (his co-emperor) and his son deadened afterwards able them their lives. The City-limits of Constantinople was founded and alleged afterwards Constantine.

Long afore this, during Emperor Nero's rule, not accepted for his adulation of Christians, age-old attitude holds that Saint Peter himself was crucified upside down abreast Rome. It was Constantine who, on the aforementioned atom of his death, congenital the actual aboriginal Saint Peters Basilica which formed the actual affection of what was to become the worlds better adoration "Christianity". The analogue of the chat "Catholic" in fact is acquired from the Greek adjective 'katholikos', acceptation "general" or "universal", which contradicts today's breach of Catholicism with the added branches of Christianity.

Such insights authenticate the charge to accept the agitated history of Italy in adjustment to accomplish added faculty of its avant-garde day affluent array and culture.

Legend exists that Rome was founded in 753 BC by Romulus and Remus, accompanying brothers who both claimed to be sons of Mars, the God of war, and to accept been aloft as breed by a she-wolf. Romulus and Remus fell out over the declared allotment of the new city-limits (amongst added things) consistent in Romulus killing his brother and declaring himself the aboriginal baron of "Rome".

By 500 BC, Italy was a pot borsch of cultures. There were a amount of baby Greek colonies beyond southern Italy and Sicily. Gauls, (from avant-garde day France) were in the mountains to the North. Etruscans, (from western Turkey), in the centre.

In 509 BC the Roman Republic was formed. This brought some adherence and abundance and absolutely Rome saw its area aggrandize absolutely dramatically. It was about this time that Greek ability infiltrated Rome through the acceptance of abounding of the Greek gods.

But by the Aboriginal Aeon BC, Rome was in crisis. Spartacus, a slave, led the accepted humans in a defection and although Rome was able to put down the rebellion, the Republic attenuated into a alternation of dictators that concluded with the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC, who, accepting been nominated "Dictator for life", acquired abundant account from the lower and average chic and abounding enemies for his absolute and aberrant power..

In 29 BC, Octavius (Caesars beneficiary and grandnephew) assuredly bedeviled ability and declared himself Emperor Augustus and so the Roman Authority was absolutely born. Afterwards ambidextrous with Mark Antony, who had affiliated himself with Caesars lover Cleopatra in Egypt with the absorbed of demography the Roman authority for himself, Rome thrived for over 2 centuries cardinal over a all-inclusive area addition from Britain and the Atlantic bank of Europe in the arctic and west to Arctic Africa and the Average East in the south and east.

This all came to an end in 180 AD with the afterlife of Marcus Aurelius, Rome's endure abundant emperor. His son and almsman Commodus. Whilst beneath war like than his ancestor he was aswell beneath accomplished as a politician. He was aswell advised "abnormal" in his behaviour. An eyewitness of the time (Cassius) remarked that Commodus oversaw "the commonwealth of Gold to one of blight and iron".

By the end of the Fourth Aeon AD, the Roman Authority breach into two. Constantine 1 (306 -337) accepting confused the basic to The East, in the newly-built city-limits of Constantinople, accepted today as Istanbul. This stronger bisected of the ex Roman Authority went from the backbone to strength, eventually acceptable the abiding Byzantine Empire. Whilst Rome, basic of the West, slid added into decline. The breach of the Roman Authority aswell eventually rose to the breach of the "Catholic" abbey and the conception of the accepted religion, still accustomed today in the eastern allotment of Europe.

In 410 AD, Rome absolutely burst beneath aggression and miss-management and for the next thousand years, Italy already afresh became a check of clashing city-states, with Rome, home to the Catholic Church, getting the one of the a lot of powerful. This continued aeon of quiet stagnation was accepted as the Dark Ages.

This stagnation concluded in the Fourteenth Aeon if alone city-states such as Florence, Milan, Pisa, Genoa, and Venice flourished acceptable above barter centres. These cities aswell drew in ability and, adjourned by affluent patrons, abstracts such as Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Dante, Machiavelli, and Galileo fabricated their mark on history by revolutionizing the fields of art, literature, politics, and science. Italian explorers, such as Marco Polo and Christopher Columbus, alien Italy and Europe to the blow of the world. Italy was already afresh a animated ablaze on the apple stage.

Also about this time, a appropriate bearings of accepting two popes arose ...indeed this afresh led to three! At one date the papacy was even built-in in Avignon due to alternation in Rome. This abashing and centralized altercation contributed to the afterwards breach of the abbey and the acceleration of Protestants.

For about two hundred years Italy was a European centre for abounding facets of the arts and sciences. About in the Sixteenth Century, barter routes confused northwards and the Protestant Reformation attenuated the authority of the Catholic Church.

In this attenuated accompaniment the cost jewel cities such as Venice, Milan, Florence etc became sitting ducks for acquisition by Spain, France, and Austria. Appropriately Italy alternate to its pre Christ anatomy as a check of principalities controlled through proxy by assorted European powers.

In the Nineteenth Century, with the abetment of Napoleons France, Italian nationalist Giuseppe Garibaldi led a accepted movement that took over abundant of Italy ending, afterwards abundant fighting, in 1870 with the abatement of Rome and complete affinity of Italy.

But the new Commonwealth of Italy was no Roman Empire, abundantly attenuated and still divided, it was alone a amount of time until annoyance took authority and a man stepped advanced for the "greater acceptable of Italy". In 1922, a baby-kisser alleged Benito Mussolini and his supporters (called Fascists, acquired from the Italian chat Fascio about acceptation array or union), became abrupt with balloter politics, and so marched on Rome to appropriate ability anon through a coup. The Italian baron was too anemic to altercate and appropriately accustomed Mussolini to become what was in effect, absolutist of Italy.

Mussolini or "Il Duce" (meaning leader) did absolutely activation on bread-and-butter development but it was his dreams of arch a new Roman Authority that led to his downfall. In the 1930s, he invaded Ethiopia and Albania.

At the beginning of the Additional Apple War, whilst Italy and Germany remained "politically friendly", Il Duce remained aswell neutral. The abatement of France however, assertive Il Duce that Germany would appear out on top and so with abundant vigour Mussolini abutting Hitler and anon rushed off to access Greece, the Balkans, and Arctic Africa.

Over optimistic, overextended and unprepared, Italy bound ran out of beef and in the end had to go cap in duke to ask Hitler's advice and aggressive support. The Allies prised him out of Arctic Africa and afresh boring out of southern Italy itself. A endure canal attack to set up a arctic republic failed. Alienated from Hitler, abhorred by abounding of his own people, he and his lover were captured and accomplished by Italian partisans.

After the Additional Apple War, Italy abolished the absolution and became a republic. Some abundant Political leaders of the time calm with abundant investment by the United States Marshall Plan, accustomed Italy to rebuilt its abridgement and to afterwards appear already afresh as a above European force acceptable a affiliate of NATO and the European Community.

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